The Republic of Cuba, consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles), Isla de la Juventud and several adjacent small islands. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean at the confluence of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Cuba is south of the eastern United States and The Bahamas, west of the Turks and Caicos Islands and Haiti and east of Mexico. The Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south. The national flower is Hedychium Coronarium Koenig, most known as “mariposa” (butterfly) and the national bird is “Tocororo” or “Cuban Trogon” from the family of Trogonidae.
Cuba is the most populous insular nation in the Caribbean. Its people, culture and customs draw from several sources including the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves, and its proximity to the United States. The name “Cuba” comes from the Taíno language the exact meaning of which is unclear, but may be translated either “where fertile land is abundant” or “great place”. The island has a tropical climate that is moderated by the surrounding waters; however, the warm temperatures of the Caribbean Sea and the fact that the island of Cuba sits across the access to the Gulf of Mexico make Cuba prone to frequent hurricanes. Cuba’s main island, at 766 miles long (1,232.5 km), is the world’s 17th largest.
Capital: La Habana
Area: 44,800 sq. mi.
Official Language: Spanish
Form of Government: Socialist Republic
President: Raul Castro
Population Density: 259 per sq. mi.
Urban Population: 76%
Per Capita GDP: US$ 4,500
Official Currency: Cuba Peso, Convertable Cuban Peso
Ethnic Groups: Mulatto 51%, White 37%
Chief Religion: Roman Catholic